The Hindu Newspaper Analysis Today – 2 January 2020

Farmers in Kerala

  • The farmers protest happening across the borders of Delhi are unique and one of its kind as they have never happened on this scale previously in the country.
  • People though that the farmers would retreat after a few days of the protests but it looks like the farmers are here to stay as they have come with rations for over 6 months with shelter, also they are starting plant, make libraries, community kitchens among others.
  • People have various takes on the farmers, for instance, the irking of the opposition, the work of the Urban naxals, Khalistani element and so on. But what matters is how the Govt looks at the farmers and the Govt has provided space for debate and discussion.
  • The author brings out how the Prime Minister criticized the Kerala Govt for its policies and agriculture related work. He said that in Kerala, there are no mandi regulated APMCs and the MSP is not prevalent.
  • The author tries to explain the scenario in a better way:
    • Yes, there are no Govt regulated APMC Mandis but Kerala is a state that cares for the farmers rights and the state itself protects the same.
    • The state provides a remunerative price of Rs. 27 per kg where as Indian Govt provides Rs. 18 per kg. Not just rice but crops like Copra are also covered in the same.
    • Kerala provides basic prices not just for fruits and vegetables but also for 18 other crops.
    • The paddy cultivators in the state get a royalty of Rs. 2000 per hectare.
    • The state also provides pension to the farmers in the state.
  • The author asks the PM to also speak up on the other states like UP, Bihar among others where the scenario is very deteriorated and the corruption is on a high.
  • The author ends the article by saying that the farm bills are here to corporatize the agriculture sector and will be moving profit orientation, these bills will also affect the food security as well.
  • He says that the farmers have understood this and the scenario has to be handled in a positive way and space has to be made for more debate and discussion.

Ordinance and new laws

  • This article is in the backdrop of the UP religious conversion ordinance.
  • First let us try to grasp the basics being put forth in the article.
  • The ordinance promulgating powers of the Governor is enshrined under Article 213 of the Indian Constitution which provides for three conditions to be satisfied for an ordinance to be bought out:
    • The state legislative assembly should not be in session
    • Circumstances should exist where the ordinance has to be bought out and
    • These circumstances have to demand immediate action
  • The author also provides that there is no practice in India where the Governor or the President has to state the reasons for him or her to pass the ordinance or provide a preamble. If this is introduced then the circumstances would be different and will provide for greater transparency also help in understanding the reason for the same.
  • It should be noted that court can enquire into the reasons provided by the Governor, if they made sense or not.
  • The author now speaks about the Anti Love Jihad ordinance and calls it arbitrary, overboard and unconstitutional.
  • He says that will lead to intimidation, bullying, vilifying love marriages and bring more obstacles.
  • Also, it will infringe upon the rights provided to an individual under Article 21 i.e. Right to life and personal liberty.

Better connections

  • The IUC or the Interconnection usage charge has now been discarded and this editorial is in the backdrop of the same.
  • The IUC or the Interconnection usage charge is the cost or charge that one mobile service operator to another mobile service operator for making a call.
  • Since it has now been discarded the article says that it will be helpful to the service providers as they will be able to provide better service and better access.
  • This also provide for better connections with good quality and good tariff which was previously high as they had to pay the same to other service providers.
  • India is a high-density telecom market and we are moving further towards technologies like 5G, internet of things and so on.
  • With this we are also seeing that the private players in the market have reduced, also the public players are under financial stress.
  • We need to consider all these aspects and move forward in this regard as we are aiming at a digital economy in this regard.
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