The Hindu Newspaper Analysis Today – 06 January 2021

Indo UK ties

  • We are aware of the fact that the PM of UK, Boris Johnson was our guest for the upcoming Republic Day celebrations and due to the rise in COVID cases and the mutation, he has cancelled or postponed his visit.
  • This visit was crucial for Britain as it has entered the post BREXIT era and wants to forge relations with nations apart from the EU. UK is a part of the UN Security Council, also has invited India for the G7 summit and the upcoming Glasgow climate summit.
  • The PM of UK, Johnson is counted among the leaders who are cult classics like Donald Trump, Jair Bolsanaro and others. Mr. Johnson has taken UK towards the BREXIT and protectionist regime or self-centered arena. It was also seen that UK became one of the nations that was ravaged due to the Coronavirus.
  • PM Modi visited UK in 2015 and 6 major agreements were signed, these were not taken forward in the right direction but are of significance.
  • India and EU have been trying to sign a free trade agreement but were not successful as the UK was considered as he deal-breaker between the two.
  • Now there will be similarity between the two as they are both export oriented nations. Though India aimed at export penetration EU had other intentions in this regard.
  • Now a better relationship by taking into trade and investment has to be considered.
  • Indian diaspora in UK stands at 1.5 million people and out of these 15 are MPs. Tourism is also an important aspect between the two.
  • 30000 Indians study in UK.
  • Britain is among the top investor in India also India is the second largest investor in UK.
  • Total credit balance of the two nations stands at 16$ billion.
  • Taking this into the future of our relations have to be planned and taken forward.

Anti-Love Jihad Law

  • Uttar Pradesh Govt has now bought in an ordinance which is called as the Love Jihad ordinance which has also motivated other nations like MP, Karnataka and so on.
  • This ordinance is against the Special Marriage Act of 1872 which was bought with the efforts of the KC Sen and the Brahmo Samaj to allow inter faith and inter caste marriages and make an inclusive society.
  • There are several criticisms levelled against this law, they can be as follows:
    • It treats individuals not as individual citizens but as induvial belonging to a community.
    • It disrupts the basic framework of the constitution like secularism or republicanism.
    • It violates privacy and right of the choice of an individual.
    • This law has given space for much interference from various agencies like police and DM.
    • It is contradictory to the article 25 or the freedom of religion.
    • It is patriarchal in nature as it paints women as vulnerable figures who can be easily allured or persuaded.
  • All in all, it is not lawful and the inter faith marriages are 2.5% of the total marriages.
  • The Govt has also provided in the assembly that there is no evidence of the Love Jihad and this is just promoting mistrust and polarization in this regard.

Farm Laws agitation

  • The farmers have been protesting against the farm laws as they fear the going away of the MSP, the APMCs, and the incoming of the corporates.
  • What farmers need in this regard have been mentioned:
    • They want higher returns on their produce with increased cost of production.
    • They want minimal fluctuations.
    • They want little or no interface with legal or administrative officials.
  • The issues that come with the laws have been highlighted:
    • The farmers were well equipped with the rules and work be it legal or illegal which was done in the APMC mandis but now the new markets and others pose bigger threats and risks which the farmers are not ready for.
    • The question is asked about how long the MSP regime will last for as the APMCs would be gone. If they are gone then for whom will the MSP exist and why is a question.
    • The role of traders will come into picture as they will buy the produce at reduced prices, it can lead to cartel formation.
    • It is to be noted that most farmers need payment in cash and will it be provided to them through agri-businesses is a question.
    • Farmers with the corporates have experienced delayed payments and several legal issues previously.
    • We have seen that the corporates have an upper hand than the farmers in various aspects.
  • We have to understand the fact that farmers are not a homogenous community and different farmers have different approach towards their work in this regard. What the farm laws are doing is that they are trying to impose a uniform law on this not so uniform community.
  • The solutions in this regard can be:
    • Proper deliberation
    • Implementation of the MS Swaminathan committee report
    • A systematic approach towards the problems
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      Dr. RS Aggarwal
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