The Hindu Newspaper Analysis Today – 04 January 2021

Women farmers of the country

  • This article finely links the farming sector, women empowerment and the farm bills. This article talks about how there is existence of women farmers are in the country.
  • It says that 73.2% rural women are farmers and only 12.8% are land holders which is such a less number as they are denied ownership due to various factors.
  • The human development survey pointed out that 83% land was inherited by males and less than 2% of it is by females. It can also be noted that 81% of the women among these belong to the SCs, STs and OBC community. The largest share among this are casual and landless laborers.
  • The Govt has been blind in this regard and has not paid attention to this scenario and the women are excluded from several benefits and have not been guaranteed rights.  These benefits include crop insurance, agriculture loans, and evens subsidies.
  • Women have unequal access to land, water and even forest. In this list things like storage, transportation facilities and logistics are also denied to them are their status is reduced to a meagre marginal one with vulnerabilities affecting them.
  • The author then brings out that the farm bills will further deepen gender inequality and it sees farmers only as men and with the outgoing of APMCs and fear hovering around APMCs it will worsen the scenario more.
  •  How many of the women among the 12% are educated and learned enough to understand or negotiate an agreement with the traders and corporates.
  • This farm laws according to the author will provide an upper hand to the corporates and the farmers will be forced to sell their land to the agribusinesses.
  • It must be noted that the laws or anything for that matter need to be considered from an equality perspective and even women have to be considered.

Good Journalism

  • The author provides various facets about journalism than just about what we know that it is the fourth pillar of democracy and holds a mirror to the society.
  • Journalism has a role to play on the society and has to abide by various aspects.
  • It is a hope for the people and it should not use past excuses and excesses and not romanticize them or make use of them for their advantage.
  • Pain and poignancy of struggle should become guiding markers and not be a hindrance.
  • It should be an agency that should be inclined towards citizens and not towards the Govt.
  • It should bear witness to what is happening around us and make sense when it is talking or conveying news.
  • It should not make people avoid news rather should present facts in this regard.
  • It should be a conscious breaker if the people carry and ideological bias or inclination.
  • It should aim at public good and has to rise about all the negative elements like fake news, sensationalism, paid news, polarization and so on.
  • A survey conducted by YouGov has said that India has the maximum news watching and reading audience at 78% followed by Japan and hence the standard our journalism has to be high in terms of standards and content.

CVC or the Central Vigilance Commission

  • The central Vigilance Commission is an apex vigilance institution of the country. It deals with ensuring a clean and effective system in the country.
  • It was setup in 1964 on the recommendations of the Santhanam committee on prevention of corruption.
  • It was conferred the statutory status in the year 2003 with the CVC act.
  • It is free from executive authority and control and is not under any department or authority but reports directly to the Parliament.
  • It doesn’t investigate the matters on its own, rather it takes the help of others like CBI, police among others.
  • It is empowered to investigate allegations under the prevention of corruption act and so on.
  • It submits an annual report, with the work done and measures that could be undertaken.  
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