- This article is in the backdrop of the promise made by the Kamal Hassan led party, Makkal Nidhi Maiam in Tamil Nadu to provide salaries and remuneration to the housewives who do the housework.
- The author provides some facts in this regard and quotes the 2011 census put forth that 159.85 million said that the housework was their main occupation while only 5.79 reported the same.
- He also quotes the All India Time survey which provided that an average Indian woman spends 299 minutes in day on unpaid domestic work while men spend just 97 minutes a day. Woman apart from this also spend 134 minutes for caregiving work in a day.
- This is not just the scenario in India but also in various developed nations like USA, UK, France among others.
- The author quotes a case study titled, ‘women’s economic contribution their unpaid capital work which says that the contribution of women with this work annually is about 162.8$ billion dollars which can a give a huge push to the economy of a nation.
- The author also quotes several judicial observations
- The Arun Kumar Agarwal v/s National Insurance company (2010), the Supreme court said that the work that a woman does with regards to her home and the care and affection she provides cannot be accounted or equated with money.
- AK Ganguly quoted that this category of work performed by women was equated in the category of beggars, prostitutes, prisoners among others as it was called as unproductive.
- The author provides that this debate is quite an old one but even before that the position of women was quite dismal with a hierarchal system being practised and women were believed have to be staying at home and not practice any work outside.
- It was believed that the market sphere was to be male dominated and only men could work over there and the household sphere was for women who were supposed to work within the four walls.
- Then there were an array of movements and the growth of feminism with feministic waves that bought about many changes and developments in the conditions of women in the country and the world.
- Even today many debates remain untouched like if the woman can inherit her husband’s property of matrimonial inheritance that comes into picture which is a matter of discussion.
- The end point is that this electoral promise shouldn’t be about providing remuneration women and salaries but about the equality. Since, the salary comes into picture, we can see that the relationship at homes will become an employer employee relationship, this has to be avoided, men also should be encouraged to do house work so that they can also take part in the same and help women in this regard, they could also demand salaries but there will be equity.
- This article is in the backdrop of the Electricity rules 2020 which was promulgated in December 2020 which spoke about universal electrification and ensuring electricity for all people. But we need to understand and analyse the problems and the solutions.
- First is the issue of supply quality that must be corrected where we can reduce the disparity of electricity supply between the rural and urban consumers also between the large scale and small-scale consumers.
- Minimum standards must be set that will correct the work done by DISCOMs who will consider the billing, metering, connection among others.
- The SERCs of the State Electricity Regulatory commissions also come into picture that play a crucial role in this,
- Then there is the question of accountability where both the above-mentioned institutions should be held accountable, the promises they make about the supply of electricity, the compensation among others without which there will no proper work that will be done,
- We are also seeing the issue of weakening provisions where the provisions or policies and their functioning would be diluted, and various whimsical changes would be bought. For instance, the rules provide that the faulty meters should be corrected within a span of 30 days but this is not seen in any place, then you have the grievance redressal that sees the inclusion of officers from the DISCOMS that will favour themselves than the people.
- Then we need to make sure that there is a need for commitment that these officials and the institutions need to promise, the SOPs set must be strictly followed.
This is a one-time effort and must be taken seriously by effective provision of corrections and keeping of promises. The ifs and buts must be reduced and providing solution need to be prioritised, they need to work together and provide a proper solution since it is not too late yet.