The Hindu Newspaper Analysis – 19 February 2021

SC Judgement

  • The article speaks about the Shaheen Bagh judgment and the refusal of the Supreme court to review the same, also speaks about the Right to Protest.
  • The judgment has said that the right to protest under Article 19 is not absolute and is subject to orders of the authority and the author says that this rises both constitutional and legal issues, also questions the moral authority of the apex court.
  • The author mentions that protests are a challenge and today they are a plain simple question as there are several questions and conspiracy theories attached to the same, also we see several arbitrary protests in this regard.
  • The judicial intervention that we see here is not the right one and the ‘balancing’ act that it is playing here is not precisely what we needed here. The court has to revisit the same so that issue is solved.
  • The court has to adjudicate and not mediate here as when it does the latter, the constitutional morality comes into the picture. The adjudication is needed as it is the judgment and the mediation is not needed between two parties; adjudication has to be fair and effective in nature.
  • The way the court is trying to balance between the right to protest and the right to move is not needed because the author says that when an individual Indian is living in the condition of fear it becomes the duty of the court to protect the right to dissent of the citizens.
  • Hence, the judicial review done is not proper and the judgment of the court has to be revisited in this regard, as the restrictions on the right to protest bestow arbitrary powers to the authorities.

Nature Today

  • The author provides in this article that there is 3 major crisis that can be as threatful as the COVID 19, for instance:
    • Climate Change
    • Loss of nature
    • Pollution of air, water, and soil
  • These are major planetary emergencies and much research has been done to speak about its intensity but the actions in this regard are not sufficient.
  • The UNEP provided that in 2020 there has been a dip in the greenhouse gases but the global temperature is slowly rising to 3 degree Celsius, also the per capita stock of the natural capital which is the services provided by nature to humanity has gone down by 40% in a span of 20 years.
  • 9 of 10 people today breathe unclean air.
  • UN released a report called making peace with nature which spoke about preserving the natural assets and others, also move towards a sustainable future.
  • We need to note that the environmental problems are linked to social and economic ones as well and in this scenario, we cannot achieve the SDGs and welfare for the people. We have also put the oceans, forests and others are at risk today.
  • The author very well mentions about an ideal scenario is like
  • But this is not possible as our problems are bigger than our progress.
  • Here are some solutions that has been provided by the author
    • 126 countries have resolved to bring a solution to the problem and reduce GHGs but all 193 nations should join the same
    • The global carbon trading market has to be developed well
    • Developed nations should provide financial assistance to developing nations
    • Now matter how much development we do; we cannot put our oceans and forests at risk
    • We can adopt a model of the circular economy where we can use the motto, reduce, reuse, and recycle
    • We can also generate jobs in this method
  • The author says that the Govt has to take a lead in this scenario and people will follow.
  • We can only then make peace with nature and go ahead towards a sustainable future.

Hyderabad

  • Hyderabad, the capital of Telangana has won the ‘Tree City’ award/status.
  • This has been accorded to it by the Arbor Day Foundation and the Food and Agriculture Organization.
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