The Hindu Newspaper Analysis – 12 January 2021

Lessons from Rajasthan

  • This article starts off by quoting the farm laws that have been subject to protests and criticism. The author says that apart from the fact there are several contentious clauses in the bill the laws were not discussed or deliberated in the Parliament.
  • A policy should take into consideration feedback, engagement and deliberation post which it becomes a good policy and will be accepted by all.
  • The author then gives us the reference of the MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act) and its functioning in the state of Rajasthan which goes through consultation and feedback also takes into consideration engagement with other people.
  • The state also has the MGNREGA samvaad which is even attended by the CM of the state.
  • There are various issues that plagued the scheme or act in the state which are as follows:
    • Payments rejections due to issues like bouncing of cheques, errors in entering the details, like account details and so on.
    • Inactive Aadhar and Aadhar linkage has been another issue as the people have to keep moving from place to another for this work and consumers can’t reap the benefits of DBT.
    • Sometimes the lethargic attitude of the people makes the situation tough and people are not able understand the basic problem.
  • To resolve this issue, the Dept of Rural Development, Govt of Rajasthan conducted a workshop which provided for effective and detailed guidelines, responsibilities, timelines and protocols.
  • It has been 1 year since this happened and 830 crore rupees worth payments has been cleared. Only 2.7% are currently pending in this regard and all the people are mobilized to work for the same,
  • Rajasthan has been an important state as the roots for RTI have been laid in Rajasthan and in 2019 the Jan Soochna portal has been launched which is a single public domain for information of 60 Depts and 104 schemes. This is like a digital dialogue.
  • In order for the federalism and good governance to function constant feedback and engagement is needed. This also applies to the policies and legislations.   

Foreign policy changes

  • We have entered 2021 and several major changes were seen since 2020 and a lot of cementing is needed in this regard.
  • The first thing we can see in this regard is how the relationship between China, USA and EU has changed and a new equation has been forged between EU and China as USA was in bad books of China after the trade war. India is on the crossroads now and is out on a limb.
  • We have to now understand that the China has been at the forefront and even when the world was affected with pandemic, it saw a positive rate of growth. It has both military and economic supremacy now and is now planning to dominate the Indo Pacific region with the launch of its third aircraft carrier.
  • China has also now developed good relations with Russia even when it carries out ethnic cleansing of Uighurs in the region and carries out various activities in the Hong Kong region. China also has a strong leader, Xi Jingping who is both powerful in the domestic and the national front.
  • It was also seen that in 2020-21 there was growth of some great authoritarian leaders like Xi, Boris Johnson, Bolsanaro among others.
  • The European union is away from the Britain now post the BREXIT and hence the changes have been spoken about starting from the relations with China.
  • There have been changes in the Eurasian and the western Asian region where these countries have been growing more closer to Russia.
  • The Abraham accords have now come into picture where ties between UAE and Israel have been sealed and this has led to further divide between Sunni and Shia nations namely the ones Saudi led and Iran led.
  • India has been in the middle of this scenario where it has to balance its diplomacy out between the two factions, also the treatment of Biden regime by Saudi has to be seen.
  • We have to look at it from India’s perspective as well
  • 2021 has nothing special for India as we entered it with a conflict with China after the Ladakh clashes.
  • In the west Asian region, there is no warmth for us as Iran has been growing closer to China.
  • We have been marginalized in Afghanistan as USA has pulled out and other countries are becoming more influential.
  • We have seen that our relations with Pakistan strained due to obvious reasons and this had led Pakistan getting closer to China.
  • Even our relations with other nations who are our neighbors is strained.
  • We have to change the foreign policy stance here, widen our sphere of influence, our role and make our presence felt in the region.
  • India’s counsel is not sought by any nations and this is when India is a member of the UN Security council.
  • Let’s evaluate the reasons for the same:
    • Our diplomatic efforts in this regard have been of poor competence, the policies decisions taken both at the national and international front have impacted the same.
    • Our growing closeness with USA has impacted our relations with other nations.
    • There is shifting of balance of power and rising conflict among nations.
    • There has been an ideational vacuum which also contributes to the same as there has been a growing polarization in the domestic front.
  • India has also moved out of NAM and SAARC that India led once upon a time and alternatives like BIMSTEC have not favored India. India has not been a part of the RCEP owing to its domestic reasons. Also, India has not taken the advantage of the RIC or Russia India and China forum.
  • Policy measures in the Asian and South Asian has to be more effective; we need to bring back the misplaced confidence of the region.
  • India needs to understand the sensitives in the region, adopt prudent policies, set realistic and achievable goals. Also, Indi has to demonstrate continuity in its policies.

Also Read : The Hindu Newspaper Analysis – 11 January 2021

  1. […] Also read : The Hindu Newspaper Analysis – 12 January 2021 […]

    Leave a reply

    Reset Password