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Right to Freedom of Religion

Right to Freedom of Religion is a Fundamental Right, which is enshrined in Part III of the Indian Constitution. Articles 25-28 deals with the provisions of the Right to Freedom of Religion.

It includes the following rights:

  1. Freedom of Conscience and Free Profession, Practice and Propagation of Religion (Article 25)
    • Freedom of Conscience – freedom of a person to shape his relation with God, in whatever way he wants.
    • Right to Profess – right to declare one’s faith openly and freely.
    • Right to Practice – exhibit one’s religious beliefs freely and openly.
    • Right to Propagate – preaching of one’s religious beliefs to others. Forcible conversions do not make part of this freedom.
  1. Freedom to Manage Religious Affairs (Article 26)
    • Right to establish and maintain institutions for religious purposes.
    • Right to manage one’s own affairs in religious matters.
    • Right to own movable and immovable property.
    • Right to administer property, according to law.
  1. Freedom from Taxation for Promotion of a Religion (Article 27)
    • States shall not spend public money in promotion of any particular religion.
    • Taxes can be used for promotion and maintenance of every religion. 
  1. Freedom from Attending Religious Instruction (Article 28)
    • The institutions wholly maintained by the state fund cannot propagate any religion.
    • If the institution is established for imparting religious instructions, and is administered by the state, then the freedom under article 28 is valid and applied.
    • If a person is attending an educational institution, which is recognized by the state, or receiving aid from the state funds, cannot be forced to attend religious instructions in that institution without his consent. In case of minor, guardian’s consent is needed.

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