Right against exploitation is a Fundamental Right which is enshrined in Part III of the Indian Constitution. Articles 23 and 24 deals with the provisions of the Right against Exploitation.
It includes the following rights:
- Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour
- According to Article 23, traffic in human beings, begar (forced labour) and other forms of forced labour, is prohibited.
- This right is available to both citizens and non-citizens.
- ‘Traffic in human beings’ include:
a) selling and buying of women, children and men, like goods;
b) immoral traffic in women and children, including prostitution;
- To punish for these acts, the Parliament has passed the Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956.
- Prohibition of Employment of Children in Factories, etc.
- According to Article 24, the employment of children below the age of 14 years in any factory, mine, or other hazardous activities like construction work etc., is prohibited
- It does not prohibit their employment in harmless and innocent work.
- Child Labour Amendment, 2016:
• Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016, amended the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986, and prohibits the employment of children below 14 years in all occupations and processes.
• The Amendment also prohibits the employment of adolescents (14-18 years of age) in some hazardous occupations and processes.