10 Things you must know about Draft National Education Policy 2019:
The Draft National Education Policy 2019, released by the newly elected government has created anuproar in the academic circle.
The National Policy on Education (NEP) is a policy formulated by the Government of India to promote education among st people. The first NEP was promulgated in 1968 on the recommendations of the Kothari Commission (1964–1966). Till now, two NEPs have been passed in year 1968 and 1986 (an amendment to NEP 1986 was passed in 1992).
Here ae 10 things that you should know about Draft National Education Policy 2019:
1. The Policy has been prepared by anine-member committee, chaired by space scientist Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan.
2. The draft Policy seeks to increase the focus on:
(i) Early childhood care and education,
(ii) Reforming the current exam system,
(iii) Strengthening teacher training and
(iv) Restructuring the education regulatory framework.
- The Policy has also proposed to rename MHRD as Ministry of Education (MoE).
- UGC is to be transformed to Higher Education Grants Commission (HEGC).
- Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation (IITI) has been recommended.
3. Extension of RTE Act:The draft Policy recommends extending the ambit of the Right to Education Act (RTE Act) to include early childhood education and secondary school education. The RTE Act provides for free and compulsory education to all children from the age of 6-14 years. The Policy recommends it to be extended to all children between the ages of 3-18 years.
4. Restructuring School Education: The Policy recommends a 5+3+3+4 design of school education to replace the existing 10+2+3 system. The new design will have:
|No. of years||Stage||Grades|
|5||Foundational stage||3-year pre-primary school
Grades 1 to 2
|3||Preparatory stage||Grades 3 to 5|
|3||Middle stage||Grades 6 to 8|
|4||Secondary stage||Grades 9 to 12|
5. Examination System: The draft Policy proposes State Census Examinations in Grades three, five and eight, to track students’ progress throughout their school experience, and not just at the end in Grade 10th and 12th. Board Examinations (at 10th and 12th level) will be significantly restructured to test only core concepts, skills, and higher order capacities in a range of required subjects and a range of elective subjects of the student’s choice.
6. Teacher Training: The Policy aims to replace the existing two-year B.Ed. programme with a four-year integrated B.Ed. programme that focusses on high-quality content, pedagogy, and practical training. The four-year integrated B.Ed. programme will eventually be the minimum degree qualification for teachers. Teachers will have to complete a minimum of 50 hours of continuous professional development training every year.
7. Regulating Schools: The Policy suggests creating an independent State School Regulatory Authority for each state that will prescribe basic uniform standards for public and private schools. The Department of Education of the State will formulate policy and conduct monitoring and supervision.
8. Restructuring of higher education institutions: Higher education institutions will be restructured into three types:
- Research universities focusing equally on world-class research and high- quality teaching;
- Teaching universities focusing primarily on high quality teaching across disciplines; and
- Colleges focusing only on teaching at undergraduate levels. All such institutions will gradually move towards full academic, administrative, and financial autonomy.
9.National Research Foundation: The draft Policy recommends establishing a National Research Foundation, an autonomous body, for funding research within the education system, primarily at colleges and universities. The Foundation will encompass the four broad areas of Sciences, Technology, Social Sciences, and Arts & Humanities, with the provision to add additional divisions.
10. Rashtriya Shiksha Ayog: The Policy proposes setting up of a new apex body, Rashtriya Shiksha Ayog, to enable a holistic and integrated implementation of all educational initiatives and programmatic interventions, and to coordinate efforts between the Centre and states.